Neuro Diseases and Symptoms

The word neuro means nerve and nervous system. Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with problems affecting the nervous system. Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.

The types of Neurological disorder are:-

Alzheimer’s disease (AD):

Alzheimer’s disease which destroys the memory and other mental function disorders. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events (short-term memory loss).The cause of Alzheimer’s, scientists don’t know yet about it. There is a genetic component to some cases of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Memory loss that disrupts the daily life
  • Confusion with place and times
  • Trouble understanding visual images.
  • Problems with words in speaking and writing
  • Decreased or poor judgment.

Epilepsy:

Epilepsy the common neurological disorder in which nerve cells in the brain disturbed causing seizure and affects people of all ages. Seizures have a range of severity depending on the individual. Treatments includes like anti-seizures medications.

Symptoms of Epilepsy:-

  • Intermittent fainting spells, during which bowel or bladder control is lost.
  • The person suddenly falls for no reason
  • the arms, legs, or body jerk, in babies these will appear as a cluster of rapid jerking movements
  • The person becomes so panic, angry for no reason.

Multiple Sclerosis:

The Multiple Sclerosis disease in immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves, this disease usually begins between the ages of 20 to 40 years old. This is quiet difficult to detect, the MRI brain scan, analysis of Cerebrospinal fluid and a test of nerve responses. The MS not affect the basic fertility of either men or women.MS is curable, Unfortunately there is no cure for MS.

Symptoms:

  • Vision Problems
  • Cognitive Problems
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Problem in Speaking or swallowing
  • Fatigue

Parkinson’s disease:

Parkinson’s Disease mainly affect adults older than 60. By identifying individual symptoms and determining a proper course of treatment, most people with the disease can live enjoyable, fulfilling lives. This disease cannot be cured but can be controlled, can live 10 to 20 years after being diagnosed.

Symptoms:

  • Tremor, Shaking, Usually begins in limbs.
  • Slowed movement (bradykinesia)
  • Writing and speech changes
  • Loss of automatic movements
  • Impaired posture and balance

 Migraines:

Severe Head Pain, they cause moderate to severe pain that is throbbing  or pulsing. The pain is often on one side of your head, tend to affect  people form 15 to 55 years. The last decade has seen the development of new approaches to the treatment of migraines. A doctor may administer an injection of botulinum toxin, or Botox, to the extra cranial sensory branches of the trigeminal and cervical spinal nerves.

 Treatment:-

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Reducing Stress
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Avoiding certain foods

For Further more queries and treatments, reach us at Stepmed Hospitals located in Pillana Garden and Kalyan Nagr, Bangalore.