Urology and Kidney Care

Urology, also known as Genitourinary Surgery, is the part of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tracks and also the male reproductive organs.

The Urinary System also called as the renal system, consists of kidney, ureters, bladder and urethra. The urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body.

The Main Functions of Urinary system and its components are:-

  • Regulate Blood Volume
  • Regulate Blood Pressure
  • Regulate Ph homeostasis of the blood.
  • The production of red blood cells by the kidney.
  • Helps to synthesize Vitamin D

The American Urological Association named seven subspecialty parts:-

  1. Neurology
  2. Female Urology
  3. Calculi-Urinary Track Stones
  4. Urologic Oncology
  5. Renal- Kidney Transplant
  6. Male Infertility
  7. Pediatric Urology

The major problems caused in Urology are:

  • In men, the prostate infection can cause it to swell (Urinary Tract Infection can cause this swelling), this infection causes it to press on the urethra to block the flow of urine.
  • Bladder Infection is most common type of Urinary Tract Infection (UTC) caused by Bacteria and leads to problems like pain in your lower belly.

Symptoms:-Causes Back Pain , nausea, Vomiting and Fever.

  • Kidney Stones: Urine contains crystal-forming substances such as calcium , oxalate and uric acid, these causes kidney stones by dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidney.

Symptoms:- Severe pain in abdomen, nausea.

  • Female Urological Problems:-

There are lot of woman who lives with urological problems and don’t realize. The most common urological concerns for women are:

  1. Overactive Bladder
  2. Urinary Tract Infection
  3. Incontinence after pregnancy
  4. Pelvic floor dysfunction
  5. Pelvic Organ Prolapse
  6. UTC
  • Hematuria:- The Hematuria causes blood in the urine. Urinary blood that’s visible only under a microscope (microscopic hematuria) is found when your doctor tests your urine. it’s important to determine the reason for the bleeding.

Symptoms:-The presence of Red Blood Cells in Urine, and Blood cots in Urine can be painful.

  • Kidney Cancer:- The main process of kidney is to clean your blood and remove waste products and making urine. Kidney Cancer, also called as Renal Cancer. The kidney cells became malignant and grown out of control. The most of kidney cancer are found before they spread. Doctors don’t the cause of Kidney cancer, but kidney cancer occurs after at the age of 40.The Kidney cancer may cause due to Smoking, Obese, Medication for long time, having lymphoma.

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